The Jerusalem Talmud
The Oral Law, the Torah
she’bal Peh, was formalized in the first centuries of the Common
Era. Due to the Dispersion, two versions developed, the Babylonian and
Jerusalem Talmuds. They are related in subject matter and make reference
to each other, but are substantially different in both content and style.
Each reflected the discussions and traditions of the Rabbinic masters
in Babylon and Eretz Yisrael respectively.
On account of currents of history, the Babylonian Talmud became the
dominant version, and has represented the bedrock of Talmudic study
through the ages. However, no less important, though less frequently
studied, is its parallel, the Jerusalem Talmud.
In the book, Kol Ha’Tor, written by a disciple of the celebrated
Vilna Gaon, the importance of studying the Jerusalem Talmud is emphasized.
The author reports that the Vilna Gaon told him that in the initial
stages of Messianic Redemption there would be a renewed interest in
the study of both Kabala and the Jerusalem Talmud.
This phenomenon can already be seen. Yedid Nefesh seeks to expand what
is happening throughout the Jewish world today by making the Jerusalem
Talmud easily available to English-speaking students.
The Yedid Nefesh
Yedid Nefesh edition of the Jerusalem Talmud is a critical edition,
with translation and commentary in English. The edition includes:
- The full text of the Jerusalem Talmud, entirely revised and corrected,
printed with vowellization (nikud)
- Translation of the Jerusalem Talmud
- Explanation and commentary of the text, on a continuous basis
- Discussion of major issues, including presentation and summary of
the opinions of the great Jewish commentators across the ages, comparison
with the parallel discussions in the Babylonian Talmud, and a summary
of Halachot (Rambam and Shulchan Aruch).
With Yedid Nefesh, the student both advanced and regular will be
able to study and follow the crucial treatises of the Jerusalem Talmud.
The edition he uses will be the very latest in textual accuracy and
explanation. The entire text has been painstakingly revised.
In the style of the classic modern commentary on the Mishnayot
by Rav Pinchas Kehati, Yedid Nefesh offers the translated text of the
Jerusalem Talmud in bold text, each phrase being followed by an explanation,
in clear, modern English. A more discursive discussion, together with
halachic references, is to be found below.
See how a the pages look (mare' Hadaf)